Propolis or sometimes affectionatley known as bee glue is a resinous mixture that honey bees produce by mixing saliva and beeswax with resins and sap gathered from trees and other plant sources. Honeybees use this substance as a sealant for small gaps in and around the hive. Propolis is usually dark red or brown in colour and very sticky and therefor difficult to remove from clothing such as protective bee suit and gloves.

Beeswax Candles

Honeybees use propolis to help prevent diseases and parasites from entering the hive, and to inhibit fungal and bacterial growth by mitigating putrefaction within the hive. Worker honeybees can be observed carrying waste to the entrance of the hive, where they then fling unwanted debris out of the hive. Sometimes a mouse, or other small pest may enter the hive and die there, honeybees may be unable to carry it out through the hive entrance, in such cases, the honeybees completely seal the carcass with propolis, thereby eliminating the risk of disease and bacteria spreading into the hive.

Propolis has been used to as a complementary treatment for canker sores and infections caused by bacteria, viruses and fungus. Propolis is also used as a complementary treatment for various cancers, warts, and for treating gastrointestinal problems including Helicobacter pylori infection in peptic ulcer disease. People sometimes apply propolis directly to the skin for wound cleansing, genital herpes, cold sores and minor burns. Propolis is also used topically as a mouth rinse to treat painful mouth sores and inflammation and thrush and to improve healing following oral surgery.

In manufacturing, propolis has many uses, such as an ingredient in cosmetics, chewing gum and various car wax applications, to name but a few.

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  • Honey Mead or Honey Wine
  • Beeswax
  • Royal Jelly
  • Propolis